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Two recent publications offer different assessments of the career of the famous British nurse Florence Nightingale. A book by Anne Summers seeks to debunk the idealizations and present a reality at odds with Nightingale's heroic reputation. According to Summers, Nightingale's importance during the Crimean War has been exaggerated: not until near the war's end did she become supervisor of the female nurses. Additionally, Summers writes that the contribution of the nurses to the relief of the wounded was at best marginal. The prevailing problems of military medicine were caused by army organizational practices, and the addition of a few nurses to the medical staff could be no more than symbolic. Nightingale’s place in the national pantheon, Summers asserts, is largely due to the propagandistic efforts of contemporary newspaper reporters.

By contrast, the editors of a new volume of Nightingale's letters view Nightingale as a person who significantly influenced not only her own age but also subsequent generations. They highlight her ongoing efforts to reform sanitary conditions after the war. For example, when she learned that peacetime living conditions in British barracks were so horrible that the death rate of enlisted men far exceeded that of neighboring civilian populations, she succeeded in persuading the government to establish a Royal Commission on the Health of the Army. She used sums raised through public contributions to found a nurses’ training hospital in London. Even in administrative matters, the editors assert, her practical intelligence was formidable: as recently as 1947 the British Army's medical services were still using the cost-accounting system she had devised in the 1860's.

I believe that the evidence of her letters supports continued respect for Nightingale's brilliance and creativity. When counseling a village schoolmaster to encourage children to use their faculties of observation, she sounds like a modern educator. Her insistence on classifying the problems of the needy in order to devise appropriate treatments is similar to the approach of modern social workers. In sum, although Nightingale may not have achieved all of her goals during the Crimean War, her breadth of vision and ability to realize ambitious projects have earned her an eminent place among the ranks of social pioneers.

The passage is primarily concerned with evaluating

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当前版本由 哎呀 更新于2015-10-09 16:02:37 感谢由 哎呀 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
Logical Map:
1. Two recent publications offer different assessments of the career of the famous British nurse
Florence Nightingale. A book by Anne Summers...
1. 两本书不同评价-关于南丁格尔职业生涯,一本是AS的.
(1)seeks to debunk the idealizations and present a reality at odds with Nightingale's heroic reputation. According to Summers, Nightingale's importance during the Crimean War has been exaggerated: not until near the war's end did she become supervisor of the female nurses.
(1) AS认为南丁格尔的英雄形象是跟现实不一致的---她在crimean war期间的贡献被夸大...
(2)Additionally, Summers writes that the contribution of the nurses to the relief of the wounded was at best marginal. The prevailing problems of military medicine were caused by army organizational practices, and the addition of a few nurses to the medical staff could be no more than symbolic.
(2)此外:护士的贡献也被夸大...
(3)Nightingale’s place in the national pantheon, Summers asserts, is largely due to the
propagandistic efforts of contemporary newspaper reporters.
(3)南丁格尔的名声都是基于当代报纸的宣传...

2. By contrast, the editors of a new volume of Nightingale's letters view Nightingale as a person
who significantly influenced not only her own age but also subsequent generations.
2. 对比而言:ED认为南丁格尔不仅影响了他的时代还影响了后代。
(1)They highlight her ongoing efforts to reform sanitary conditions after the war. For example, when she learned that peacetime living conditions in British barracks were so horrible that the
death rate of enlisted men far exceeded that of neighboring civilian populations, she
succeeded in persuading the government to establish a Royal Commission on the Health of
the Army.
(1)ED们强调了战后南丁格尔在改革医疗卫生条件上持续的贡献(举例:成功劝服政府建立RC.)
(2)She used sums raised through public contributions to found a nurses’ training
hospital in London.
(2)用捐赠物质建立了护士训练营
(3)Even in administrative matters, the editors assert, her practical intelligence was formidable: as recently as 1947 the British Army's medical services were still using the cost-accounting system she had devised in the 1860's.
(3)他1860年发明的cost-accounting system,1947年英国军队还在用。
3.I believe that the evidence of her letters supports continued respect for Nightingale's brilliance and creativity.
3.作者认为南丁格尔的信的证据不仅支持了持续的尊重...
(1)When counseling a village schoolmaster to encourage children to use their faculties of observation, she sounds like a modern educator.
(1)schoolmaster 认为他是一个modern educator.
(2) Her insistence on classifying the problems of the needy in order to devise appropriate treatments is similar to the approach of modern social workers.
(2)他坚持问题以需求分类,跟modern workers相似。
4. In sum, although Nightingale may not have achieved all of her goals during the Crimean War, her breadth of vision and ability to realize ambitious projects have earned her an eminent place among the ranks of social pioneers.
4. 总结而言:南丁格尔虽然没有实现所有目标,但是他广泛视角还是值得赢得一席之位。

主旨题,看文章结构,就是讲两本书对南丁格尔的不同评价
A. Nightingale's innovations in the field of nursing 细节
B. contrasting approaches没有提及写作手法问题
C. contradictory accounts of Florence Nightingale’s historical significance
D. the quality of health care细节
E. the effect of the Crimean War... health care细节

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    Consider the passage as a whole to answer this question. The author begins by announcing that two recent works about Florence Nightingale offer different assessments of her career and then summarizes those accounts.  One book seeks to debunk her reputation and historical significance, while the other promotes her significance to not only her own age but also subsequent generations.  In the final paragraph, the author takes a position synthesizing the two views. 
    
    A Nightingale’s involvement in nursing is discussed, but not her nursing innovations.
    B The passage concerns two books about an historical figure, not the writing of historical biography.
    C Correct. The passage focuses on two books with different assessments of Nightingale’s significance.
    D The passage refers to some specific health care problems during and after the Crimean War, but it does not evaluate the general quality of health care over the course of the nineteenth century. 
    E No such effects are discussed in the passage.
    
    The correct answer is C.
    0 0 回复 2021-06-19 14:45:23
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