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Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly understood. However, theory and limited research suggest that the process through which such plans emerge may play a part. In particular, top management decision-sharing—consensus oriented, team-based decision-making—may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans, because those involved in the decision-making may be more committed to the chosen course of action, thereby increasing the likelihood that organizations will subsequently adhere to their plans.

However, the relationship between top management decision sharing and adherence to plans may be affected by a strategic mission (its fundamental approach to increasing sales revenue and market share, and generating cash flow and short-term profits). At one end of the strategic mission continuum, “build” strategies are pursued when a firm desires to increase its market share and is to sacrifice short-term profits to do so. At the other end, “harvest” strategies are used when a firm is to sacrifice market share for short-term profitability and maximization. Research and theory suggest that top management decision-sharing may have a more positive relationship with adherence to plans among firms with harvest strategies than among firms with build strategies. In a study of strategic practices in several large firms, managers in harvest strategy scenarios were more able to adhere to their business plans. As one of the managers in the study explained it, this is partly because “typically all a manager has to do [when implementing a harvest strategy] is that which was done last year.” Additionally, managers under harvest strategies may have fewer strategic options than do those under build strategies; it may therefore be easier to reach agreement on a particular course of action through decision-sharing, which will in turn tend to promote adherence to plans. Conversely, in a “build” strategy scenario, individual leadership, rather than decision-sharing, may promote adherence to plans. Build strategies—which typically require leaders with strong personal visions for a future, rather than the negotiated compromise of the team-based decision—may be most closely adhered to when implemented in the context of a clear strategic vision of an individual leader, rather than through the practice of decision-sharing.

The primary purpose of the passage is to

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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 哎呀 更新于2015-10-09 16:50:15 感谢由 哎呀 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
Logical Map:

1.Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly understood.
1. 提出问题
(1)However, theory and limited research suggest that the process through which such plans emerge may play a part.
(1)给出第一个答案:process through plans 产生play a Part.
(2)In particular, top management decision-sharing—consensusoriented, team-based decision-making—may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans, because those involved in the decision-making may be more committed to the chosen course of action, thereby increasing the likelihood that organizations will subsequently adhere to their plans.
(2)进一步给出答案:management decision-sharing may increase likelyhood that firm adhere to plans. 原因是...

2.讲到 top management decision sharing and adherence to plans之间的关系影响因素---strategic mission
(1)“build" strategies --- increase market share ---sacrifice short-term profits
(1)BS是牺牲短期利益来增加市场份额。
(2)“harvest" strategies ---sacrifice market share--- for short-term profitability and Maximization
(2)HS是牺牲市场份额来获得短期利益最大化。
(3)decision-sharing---positive relationship with adherence to plans --- harvest strategies than among firms with build strategies.
(3)decision sharing是能坚持计划的,在HS中,相比BS中。
(3.1) managers in harvest strategy scenarios ---more able to adhere to their business plans. because “typically all a manager has to do [when implementing a harvest strategy] is that which was done last year.”
(3.1)HS:坚持plans,原因
(3.2)Additionally, managers under harvest strategies ---fewer strategic options than do those under build strategies ---be easier to reach agreement --- through decision-sharing---tend to promote adherence to plans.
(3.2)HS很少能选择策略,更容易达成一致,在decision sharing过程中-更能坚持plans.
(4)Conversely, in a “build" strategy scenario, individual leadership--- rather than decision-sharing---may promote adherence to plans.
(4)BS-个人领导会促进坚持plans
(4.1)Build strategies—require leaders with strong personal visions for a future,---rather than the negotiated compromise of the team-based decision—may be most closely adhered to vision of an individual leader---rather than through the practice of decision-sharing.
(4.1)BS要求leaders有很强的个人魅力,不妥协,由自己独裁为主

主旨题,文章讲的就是坚不坚持自己的plan的问题,会有什么因素去影响。
A. identify some of the obstacles 未提及
B. compare two different theories未提
C. evaluate the utility of top management decision-sharing as a method未提
D. discuss the respective advantages and disadvantages 未讨论优缺点
E. examine some of the factors that may affect whether or not firms adhere to their
strategic plans

题目讨论 (4条评论)

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  • 用户头像
    Litchichi

    文章第一句 Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly understood. 其实就在表述文章的主旨,即,这篇文章在讨论 “什么因素影响公司是否遵循或者偏离他们的战略规划”。而选项 E 中的 examine 可能容易误导考生。
    0 0 回复 2020-12-16 17:33:38
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    Stanley想去荷兰

    做题时就预料应该B选项是个很多人跳的大坑,坑的原因在于整个第二段几乎都讲这两种理论。然而如果选了B,那么A段在文章中起什么作用我是想不出。所以在这种情况下重新审视了第一二段的主旨句,第一段开头说他们why 坚持,第二段说但是又受什么影响,所以这两段结合起来,不难推测出E选项的factor
    1 0 回复 2019-12-27 14:10:05
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    Muzzle

    however后面的话是重点!However, the relationship between top management decision sharing and adherence to plans may be affected by a strategic mission (its fundamental approach to increasing sales revenue and market share, and generating cash flow and short-term profits).
    0 0 回复 2018-08-14 16:29:19
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    miya77

    Aidentify some of the obstacles that make it difficult for firms to adhere to their strategic business plans确实有 但只是讲的其中一部分
     B compare two different theories concerning why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans 没有deviate
     C evaluate the utility of top management decision-sharing as a method of implementing the strategic mission of a business只说了top mgmt as a method  不全面
     D discuss the respective advantages and disadvantages of build and harvest strategies among several large firms pros&cons不全面
     E examine some of the factors that may affect whether or not firms adhere to their strategic plans文章第二段就是在讲什么情况下plans 会被很快接受
    0 0 回复 2017-09-08 12:19:32
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