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Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United States often characterize Hopi society between 1680 and 1880 as surprisingly stable, considering that it was a period of diminution in population and pressure from contact with outside groups, factors that might be expected to cause significant changes in Hopi social arrangements.

The Hopis' retention of their distinctive sociocultural system has been attributed to the Hopi religious elite's determined efforts to preserve their religion and way of life, and also to a geographical isolation greater than that of many other Native American groups, an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure to European diseases. But equally important to Hopi cultural persistence may have been an inherent in their social system that may have allowed preservation of traditions even as the Hopis accommodated themselves to change. For example, the system of matrilineal clans was maintained throughout this period, even though some clans merged to form larger groups while others divided into smaller descent groups. Furthermore, although traditionally members of particular Hopi clans appear to have exclusively controlled particular ceremonies, a clan's control of a ceremony might shift to another clan if the first became too small to manage the responsibility. Village leadership positions traditionally restricted to members of one clan might be similarly extended to members of other clans, and women might assume such positions under certain unusual conditions.

The passage suggests that sociocultural change in Hopi society between 1680 and 1880 was

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 七剑飘一飘 更新于2015-10-09 14:19:33 感谢由 七剑飘一飘 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
文章分析:
1 点明主旨:1680-1880是人口减少和遭受来自外来的压力的时期,随时都会给Hopi社会结构带来巨大的改变。但是Hopi people的社会结构惊人的稳定。
2 解释了社会结构稳定的原因:
是religious elite 的努力,以及地理位置偏僻。
3 但是社会结构稳定的一个很重要的因素是社会系统在面对变革时候的内在灵活性

全文第一段可以得出,虽然人口减少和外界压力的影响,但是社会结构还是稳定的。
A initiated primarily by contrast with other cultural groups 无关比较
B greater than that experienced by many other Native American people during that period
无关比较
C less pronounced than might be expected , given the demographic conditions and external pressures during that period
第一段的后半句内容
D less pronounced than it had been previously because of diminution in the Hopi population occurring after 1680
E accelerated by the particular geographic circumstances of the Hopis
Correct:C

题目讨论 (5条评论)

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    nmbdy

    所以来看选项 ABE为层次未提及 可以轻易排除 
    CD两个
    C是原文的改写
    D错在than previous have 文章没提及以前有这种change 所以属于文章未提及
    0 0 回复 2017-11-07 13:44:26
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      默默回复nmbdy

      might 增大可信度,看考点相关的句子

      0 0 回复 2018-05-17 20:34:38

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    nmbdy

    change in 那段时间 was 可以表明第一段有个关键词就是change 第二段是说原因 所以定位于第一段 Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United States often characterize Hopi society between 1680 and 1880 as surprisingly stable, considering that it was a period of diminution in population and pressure from contact with outside groups, factors that might be expected to cause significant changes in Hopi social arrangements. 
    具体有几个 一个是diminution in population , pressure from outside 但是change小 因为suprisingly stable
    0 0 回复 2017-11-07 13:43:29
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    月半丁

    关键词 第一段第一句surprisingly
    0 0 回复 2017-11-03 01:42:22
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    见过夏天去非洲拍动物世界

    社会文化变化啊,而不是交流。交流是又外族引起的没错。因为pressure
    0 0 回复 2017-01-14 20:30:37
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    GMAT1476541477000

    求翻译C选项
    0 0 回复 2016-10-28 15:28:56
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      见过夏天去非洲拍动物世界回复GMAT1476541477000

      比预想到的变化要小。given指的是在··的前提下,就是说在这两种因素的特定情况下。是 considering that it was a period of diminution in population and pressure from contact with outside groups的原文改写。

      0 0 回复 2017-01-14 20:32:22

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