Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United States often characterize Hopi society between 1680 and 1880 as surprisingly stable, considering that it was a period of diminution in population and pressure from contact with outside groups, factors that might be expected to cause significant changes in Hopi social arrangements.
The Hopis' retention of their distinctive sociocultural system has been attributed to the Hopi religious elite's determined efforts to preserve their religion and way of life, and also to a geographical isolation greater than that of many other Native American groups, an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure to European diseases. But equally important to Hopi cultural persistence may have been an inherent in their social system that may have allowed preservation of traditions even as the Hopis accommodated themselves to change. For example, the system of matrilineal clans was maintained throughout this period, even though some clans merged to form larger groups while others divided into smaller descent groups. Furthermore, although traditionally members of particular Hopi clans appear to have exclusively controlled particular ceremonies, a clan's control of a ceremony might shift to another clan if the first became too small to manage the responsibility. Village leadership positions traditionally restricted to members of one clan might be similarly extended to members of other clans, and women might assume such positions under certain unusual conditions.
The passage suggests that sociocultural change in Hopi society between 1680 and 1880 was
1 点明主旨：1680-1880是人口减少和遭受来自外来的压力的时期，随时都会给Hopi社会结构带来巨大的改变。但是Hopi people的社会结构惊人的稳定。
是religious elite 的努力，以及地理位置偏僻。
A initiated primarily by contrast with other cultural groups 无关比较
B greater than that experienced by many other Native American people during that period
C less pronounced than might be expected , given the demographic conditions and external pressures during that period
D less pronounced than it had been previously because of diminution in the Hopi population occurring after 1680
E accelerated by the particular geographic circumstances of the Hopis
所以来看选项 ABE为层次未提及 可以轻易排除 CD两个 C是原文的改写 D错在than previous have 文章没提及以前有这种change 所以属于文章未提及
0 0 回复 2018-05-17 20:34:38
change in 那段时间 was 可以表明第一段有个关键词就是change 第二段是说原因 所以定位于第一段 Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United States often characterize Hopi society between 1680 and 1880 as surprisingly stable, considering that it was a period of diminution in population and pressure from contact with outside groups, factors that might be expected to cause significant changes in Hopi social arrangements. 具体有几个 一个是diminution in population , pressure from outside 但是change小 因为suprisingly stable
比预想到的变化要小。given指的是在··的前提下，就是说在这两种因素的特定情况下。是 considering that it was a period of diminution in population and pressure from contact with outside groups的原文改写。
0 0 回复 2017-01-14 20:32:22