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Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United States often characterize Hopi society between 1680 and 1880 as surprisingly stable, considering that it was a period of diminution in population and pressure from contact with outside groups, factors that might be expected to cause significant changes in Hopi social arrangements.

The Hopis' retention of their distinctive sociocultural system has been attributed to the Hopi religious elite's determined efforts to preserve their religion and way of life, and also to a geographical isolation greater than that of many other Native American groups, an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure to European diseases. But equally important to Hopi cultural persistence may have been an inherent in their social system that may have allowed preservation of traditions even as the Hopis accommodated themselves to change. For example, the system of matrilineal clans was maintained throughout this period, even though some clans merged to form larger groups while others divided into smaller descent groups. Furthermore, although traditionally members of particular Hopi clans appear to have exclusively controlled particular ceremonies, a clan's control of a ceremony might shift to another clan if the first became too small to manage the responsibility. Village leadership positions traditionally restricted to members of one clan might be similarly extended to members of other clans, and women might assume such positions under certain unusual conditions.

The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about the explanation outlined in the highlighted text?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 七剑飘一飘 更新于2015-10-09 14:16:43 感谢由 七剑飘一飘 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
文章分析:
1 点明主旨:1680-1880是人口减少和遭受来自外来的压力的时期,随时都会给Hopi社会结构带来巨大的改变。但是Hopi people的社会结构惊人的稳定。
2 解释了社会结构稳定的原因:
是religious elite 的努力,以及地理位置偏僻。
3 但是社会结构稳定的一个很重要的因素是社会系统在面对变革时候的内在灵活性

原文:has been ……,and also……But ……,三个因素都是Hopi 社会保持稳定的原因。But之后的因素更重要,但是没有说前两个因素有问题,A、B、D选项排除;C选项无关Hopi clans
A It fails to take into account the effect of geographical circumstances on Hopi culture.
B It correctly emphasizes the role of the religious elite in maintaining the system of matrilineal clans.
C It represents a misreading of Hopi culture because it fails to take into account the actual differences that existed among the various Hopi clans.
D It underestimates the effect on Hopi cultural development of contact with other cultural groups.
E It is correct but may be insufficient in itself to explain Hopi sociocultural persistence
Correct:E
当前版本由 七剑飘一飘 更新于2015-10-09 14:18:30 感谢由 七剑飘一飘 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
文章分析:
1 点明主旨:1680-1880是人口减少和遭受来自外来的压力的时期,随时都会给Hopi社会结构带来巨大的改变。但是Hopi people的社会结构惊人的稳定。
2 解释了社会结构稳定的原因:
是religious elite 的努力,以及地理位置偏僻。
3 但是社会结构稳定的一个很重要的因素是社会系统在面对变革时候的内在灵活性

原文:has been ……,and also……But ……,三个因素都是Hopi 社会保持稳定的原因。But之后的因素更重要,但是没有说前两个因素有问题,A、B、D选项排除;C选项无关Hopi clans
A It fails to take into account the effect of geographical circumstances on Hopi culture.
B It correctly emphasizes the role of the religious elite in maintaining the system of matrilineal clans.
C It represents a misreading of Hopi culture because it fails to take into account the actual differences that existed among the various Hopi clans.
D It underestimates the effect on Hopi cultural development of contact with other cultural groups.
E It is correct but may be insufficient in itself to explain Hopi sociocultural persistence
Correct:E。
当前版本由 miya77 更新于2017-09-05 17:24:36 感谢由 miya77 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

题目问:关于划线部分的陈述,作者会同意什么?不是问划线部分在说什么而是作者的观点,所以在理解划线部分意思后主要看后文的叙述议论

A 没有考虑地理情况的影响。错,划线部分说了and also to a geographical isolation

B 划线部分强调了宗教领袖的作用 这个不对不错,先放着

C 划线部分表达可对hopi文化的误解因为没有考虑clan间的不同。 不对,后面没有提到不同clan的影响

D 划线部分低估了与外界文化的交流。 后文并没有过多提到与外部文化

E 划线部分正确但并不完整。对,划线部分后紧跟一个but equally important……an inherent in their social system,是为补充


题目讨论 (1条评论)

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    默默

    高光部分本身不重要,前后才重要
    0 0 回复 2018-05-17 13:48:30
    • 评论用户头像

      默默回复默默

      but 后面是重点

      0 0 回复 2018-05-17 13:56:42

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