中间图

Or

雷哥网GMAT>题库>精选题库>阅读RC>9648

阅读RC-9648 (第5/5题) Time Cost00:00
收藏
报告题目错误
请选择错误类型:
请描述一下这个错误:

取消

The Black Death, a severe epidemic that ravaged fourteenth-century Europe, has intrigued scholars ever since Francis Gasquet's 1893 study contending that this epidemic greatly intensified the political and religious upheaval that ended the Middle Ages. Thirty-six years later, historian George Coulton agreed but, paradoxically, attributed a silver lining to the Black Death: prosperity engendered by diminished competition for food, shelter, and work led survivors of the epidemic into the Renaissance and subsequent rise of modern Europe.

In the 1930s, however, Evgeny Kosminsky and other Marxist historians claimed the epidemic was merely an ancillary factor contributing to a general agrarian crisis stemming primarily from the inevitable decay of European feudalism. In arguing that this decline of feudalism was economically determined, the Marxist asserted that the Black Death was a relatively insignificant factor. This became the prevailing view until after the Second World War, when studies of specific regions and towns revealed astonishing mortality rates ascribed to the epidemic, thus restoring the central role of the Black Death in history.

This central role of the Black Death (traditionally attributed to bubonic plague brought from Asia) has been recently challenged from another direction. Building on bacteriologist John Shrewsbury's speculations about mislabeled epidemics, zoologist Graham Twigg employs urban case studies suggesting that the rat population in Europe was both too sparse and insufficiently migratory to have spread plague. Moreover, Twigg disputes the traditional trade-ship explanation for plague transmissions by extrapolating from data on the number of dead rats aboard Nile sailing vessels in 1912. The Black Death, which he conjectures was anthrax instead of bubonic plague, therefore caused far less havoc and fewer deaths than historians typically claim.

Although correctly citing the exacting conditions needed to start or spread bubonic plague, Twigg ignores virtually a century of scholarship contradictory to his findings and employs faulty logic in his single-minded approach to the Black Death. His speculative generalizations about the numbers of rats in medieval Europe are based on isolated studies unrepresentative of medieval conditions, while his unconvincing trade-ship argument overlooks land-based caravans, the overland migration of infected rodents, and the many other animals that carry plague.

The author's attitude toward Twigg's work is best characterized as which of following?

  • 分析A选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析B选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析C选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析D选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析E选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 kisenana 更新于2015-11-05 11:03:04 感谢由 kisenana 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
作者对于Twigg的态度 定位到最后一段。
意思是 虽然twigger正确地确定了bubonic plague 这个疾病start和spread 的conditions,但是他ignores virtually a century of scholarship ,并且采取了faulty logic。他的study也是没有representativeness的,也overlook了一系列的东西。这里的有非常多的否定词,ignore;faulty logic; unrepresentative; overlook ;可见作者的本质上是否定Twigg的,他的研究不具科学性,因此对他的态度是dismissive(轻视的)
选项A 正确
选项B 漠不关心的 ,排除
选项C 怀恨的,排除
选项D 小心的,如果是小心的它就不会那么明显地说了大部分Twigg的不足,
选项E 矛盾的,排除

题目讨论 (10条评论)

用户头像
提交
  • 用户头像
    480005luq

    我操了,你们都看得懂这些词社么意思?
    4 1 回复 2021-06-07 05:28:25
    • 评论用户头像

      606245kuxa回复480005luq

      草,就看得懂一个

      0 1 回复 2021-07-21 23:27:12

  • 用户头像
    626617yh

    Twigg ignores virtually a century of scholarship contradictory to his findings and employs faulty logic in his single-minded approach to the Black Death.
    
    这不等于指着脸,
    0 0 回复 2021-03-29 15:44:27
  • 用户头像
    Arabella

    在最后一段,找错段落了,定位成了倒数第二段
    0 0 回复 2020-11-01 02:13:13
  • 用户头像
    爱在普罗旺斯

    although后面,主句成分才是作者真正想表达的态度。前面的correctly只是部分承认了一些优点,但是转折后面是大篇的批判,所以应该是作者并不认为这个人的观点正确
    0 0 回复 2017-09-28 19:37:40
  • 用户头像
    xiaoyi

    while his unconvincing trade-ship argument overlooks land-based caravans 这个比喻真是一流!!
    0 0 回复 2017-08-25 23:07:01
  • 用户头像
    xiaoyi

    virtually  事实上,几乎!!
    0 0 回复 2017-08-25 22:38:42
  • 用户头像
    xiaoyi

    Twigg ignores virtually 用词的准确性!!
    0 0 回复 2017-08-25 22:38:05
  • 用户头像
    xiaoyi

    dismissive
    英 [dɪsˈmɪsɪv]  美 [dɪsˈmɪsɪv] 
        
    adj.拒绝的; 轻蔑的,鄙视的;
    ADJ-GRADED 拒绝考虑…的;对…轻视的;对…鄙视的
    If you are dismissive of someone or something, you say or show that you think they are not important or have no value.
    Mr Jones was dismissive of the report, saying it was riddled with inaccuracies.
    琼斯先生对报告不屑一顾,称其中充斥着谬误。
    ...the dismissive attitude scientists often take in regard to questions such as telepathy or homeopathic medicine. 
    涉及心电感应、顺势疗法等问题时科学家们常抱有的鄙视态度
    0 0 回复 2017-04-02 19:21:00
  • 用户头像
    xiaoyi

    how can you infer that the attitude of author is dismissive?
    0 0 回复 2017-04-02 19:19:55
  • 用户头像
    bj-ll

    为什么不是Ambivalent。前面肯定了,最后一段否定了。谁能给讲讲┭┮﹏┭┮
    0 0 回复 2016-11-04 18:24:09
    题号选择

    科目: 阅读RC

    • 句子改错SC
    • 逻辑CR
    • 阅读RC
    • 数据充分DS
    • 问题求解PS
    • 综合推理IR

    来源: 精选题库

    • 全部
    • OG20
    • OG20新题
    • OG19新题
    • OG18新题
    • OG18分册
    • OG17新题
    • OG16
    • OG12
    • 破解版12
    • 破解版08
    • 破解版07
    • GWD
    • 精选题库
    • OG18自测章
    • Manhattan
    • magoosh
    • 难题300
    本题信息

    2m22s

    平均耗时

    47.4%

    平均正确率

    • 题目来源1:精选题库

    该题由网友SyXTcy提供 上传GMAT题

    • 手机注册
    • 邮箱注册
    登录>







    关闭图标

    标题图

    • 图标

      知识库学习

      GMAT语法、逻辑、阅读、数学各单项备考知识点学习及测验
    • 图标

      在线做题

      包含GMAT各单项必考知识点题目、OG/PREP/GWD/雷哥讲义题目、难度650/680/700/730题库题目练习及题目解析
    • 图标

      在线模考

      语文套题/数学套题/全套仿真模考,包含GWD/PERP/精选模考等上百套套题模考
    • 图标

      在线测评

      适合5种不同基础的GMAT学员,测评后可自动出具分数报告及复习计划指导
    • 图标

      资料下载

      GMAT必备备考资料下载、鸡精下载、课程课件等免费下载
    • 图标

      课程学习

      注册会员后,可在GMAT课程区,选择免费直播课程及公开课程进行在线学习
    ×
    请你选择你要查看的模考成绩单
    立即开通 暂不开通
    加载图片
    网络异常