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Customer loyalty programs are attempts to bond customers to a company and its products and services by offering incentives— such as airline frequent flyer programs or special credit cards with valuable benefits—t0 loyal customers. In support of loyalty programs, companies often invoke the “80/20" principle, which states that about 80 percent of revenue typically comes from only about 20 percent of customers. However, this profitable 20 percent are not necessarily loyal buyers, especially in the sense of exclusive loyalty. Studies have demonstrated that only about 10 percent of buyers for many types of frequently purchased consumer goods are 100 percent loyal to a particular brand over a one-year period. Moreover, 100-percent-loyal buyers tend to be light buyers of the product or service. “Divided loyalty” better describes actual consumer behavior, since customers typically vary the brands they buy. The reasons for this behavior are fairly straightforward: people buy different brands for different occasions or for variety, or a brand may be the only one in stock or may offer better value because of a special deal. Most buyers who change brands are not lost forever; usually, they are heavy consumers who simply prefer to buy a number of brands. Such multiband loyalty means that one company's most profitable customers will probably be its competitors’ most profitable customers as well.

Still, advocates of loyalty programs contend that such programs are beneficial because the costs of serving highly loyal customers are lower, and because such loyal customers are less price sensitive than other customers. It is true that when there are start-up costs, such as credit checks, involved in serving a new customer, the costs exceed those of serving a repeat customer. However, it is not at all clear why the costs of serving a highly loyal customer should in principle be different from those of serving any other type of repeat customer. The key variables driving cost are size and type of order, special versus standard order, and so on, not high-loyalty versus divided-loyalty customers. As for price sensitivity, highly loyal customers may in fact come to expect a price discount as a reward for their loyalty.

The second paragraph functions primarily to

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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 哎呀 更新于2015-10-09 16:08:00 感谢由 哎呀 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
逻辑简图:
第一段:解释customer loyalty programs,并引出80/20理论--提出理论的不足,用2层evidence进行论证--提出更合适的说法"Divided loyalty"并阐述理由,并得出结论:一家公司的profitable customers,同时也是另一家的profitable customers.
第二段:继续提出customer loyalty programs拥护者的观点--先肯定再批驳--提出最核心的变量

A. propose solutions to certain problems inherent in customer loyalty programs(和原文不符)
B. emphasize certain risks inherent in customer loyalty programs(未提及)
C. address certain contentions put forth by advocates of customer loyalty programs
D. defend certain specific aspects of customer loyalty programs against criticism(逻辑方向不对)
E. reconcile competing viewpoints regarding the of customer loyalty programs(和原文不符)
结构题:结合逻辑图可知,c选项最合适。

题目讨论 (6条评论)

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    999221ces

    感觉HOWEVER后面的才是本段重心啊。。拿拥护者的观点出来是为了说明他们的缺陷
    0 0 回复 2021-11-29 19:18:19
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    October

    B  并不是risks风险,而是flaws,通常B选项答案针对 作者自己提出的观点,然后补充一点点qualified

    C选项address表示“针对..处理解决”

    0 0 回复 2020-10-21 07:40:32
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    一个平平无奇的刷G人

    C选项说的是论述一些由clp支持者带来的争议
    0 0 回复 2020-08-15 12:37:50
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    178637unuk

    本来认为第二段的内容是来反驳advocate的观点所以就没有选C,因为c感觉像是支持advocate的观点。现在看来C是address advocate的观点 只是陈述支持者的观点,确实也是第二段的主要内容
    0 0 回复 2019-11-16 20:14:23
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    xiaoyi

    are contentions put forth by advocates of customer loyalty programs ?? ----YES
    0 0 回复 2017-08-27 08:31:27
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    Ada

    C的意思是什么?
    0 0 回复 2017-07-30 17:58:53
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      Willi回复Ada

      处理说明“CLP"拥护者提出的另一观点。

      0 0 回复 2017-10-07 13:11:17

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