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Many managers are influenced by dangerous myths about pay that lead to counterproductive decisions about how their companies compensate employees. One such myth is that labour rates, the rate per hour paid to workers, are identical with labor costs, the money spent on labour in relation to the productivity of the labor force. This myth leads to the assumption that a company can simply lower its labor costs by cutting wages. But labor costs and labor rates are not in fact the same: one company could pay its workers considerably more than another and yet have lower labor costs if that company's productivity were higher due to the talent of its workforce, the efficiency of its work processes, or other factors. The confusion of costs with rates persists partly because labor rates are a convenient target for managers who want to make an impact on their company's budgets. Because labor rates are highly visible, managers can easily compare their company's rates with those of competitors. Furthermore, labour rates often appear to be a company's most malleable financial variable: cutting wages appears an easier way to control costs than such options as reconfiguring work processes or altering product design.

The myth that labor rates and labor costs are equivalent is supported by business journalists, who frequently confound the two. For example, prominent business journals often remark on the “high" cost of German labor, citing as evidence the average amount paid to German workers. The myth is also perpetuated by the compensation consulting industry, which has its own incentive to keep such myths alive. First, although some of these consulting firms have recently broadened their practices beyond the area of compensation, their mainstay continues to be advising companies on changing their compensation practices. Suggesting that a company's performance can be improved in some other way than by altering its pay system may be empirically correct but contrary to the consultants’ interests. Furthermore, changes to the compensation system may appear to be simpler to implement than changes to other aspects of an organization, so managers are more likely to find such advice from consultants palatable. Finally, to the extent that changes in compensation create new problems, the consultants will continue to have work solving the problems that result from their advice.

The passage suggests that the “myth" mentioned in the highlighted text persists partly because

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当前版本由 哎呀 更新于2015-10-09 16:21:56 感谢由 哎呀 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
逻辑简图:
第一段:提出一个dangerous myths,即 labor rates和 labor costs是一致的--提出其实是不一致的,并解释--confusion存在的原因--managers在这myth下是如何操作的
第二段:business journalists支持myth--compensation consulting industry也支持这个myth,理由有三

A. managers find it easier to compare their companies’ labor rates with those of competitors than to compare labor costs(labor rates are a convenient target)
B. managers tend to assume that labor rates affect their companies’ budgets less than they actually do(与原文不符)
C. managers tend to that labor rates can have an impact on the efficiency of their companies’ work processes(未提及)
D. the average amount paid to workers differs significantly from one country to another(未提及)
E. many companies fail to rely on compensation consultants when making decisions about labor rates(段落定位错)
推理题:定位到第一段第三层。

题目讨论 (7条评论)

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    Balala

    原文The confusion of costs with rates persists partly because labor rates are a convenient target for managers who want to make an impact on their company's budgets. 
    同义改写选a
    0 0 回复 2021-01-01 10:56:45
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    leon小恶魔

    有大神能分析一下这个句子结构吗?  Suggesting that a company's performance can be improved in some other way than by altering its pay system may be empirically correct but contrary to the consultants’ interests.
    0 0 回复 2020-11-26 17:33:32
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    marie70000000

    很不理解他的比较是在哪里。文章中没有出现比较,选项中出现比较,第一时间就被我排除了。。。
    1 0 回复 2018-11-04 20:08:48
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    咸鱼

    定位:
    One such myth is that labour rates, the rate per hour paid to workers, are identical with labor costs, the money spent on labour in relation to the productivity of the labor force. This myth leads to the assumption that a company can simply lower its labor costs by cutting wages.
    0 0 回复 2018-04-17 21:54:44
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      咸鱼回复咸鱼

      The confusion of costs with rates persists partly because labor rates are a convenient target for managers who want to make an impact on their company's budgets.

      0 0 回复 2018-04-17 21:56:14

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      咸鱼回复 咸鱼

      题目中问的是persists partly because,即去寻找原因。所以应该定位myth的原因

      0 0 回复 2018-04-17 22:01:38

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    nmbdy

    当在myth前面没有给出其原因 就应该在逻辑与此一样的层次中 即后面部分继续寻找
    0 0 回复 2017-10-25 12:01:54
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      默默回复nmbdy

      对文章的结构太清晰

      0 0 回复 2018-05-18 00:57:13

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    nmbdy

    推理题 虽然highlight部分是在第一段前面 但问rate persists because是在后面几句 这点如果找到此题就不难 labor rates are a convenient target for managers who want to make an impact on their company's budgets. Because labor rates are highly visible, managers can easily compare their company's rates with those of competitors.
    和A选项几乎一模一样
    0 1 回复 2017-10-25 12:00:35
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    xiaoyi

    The confusion of costs with rates persists partly because labor rates are a convenient target for managers who want to make an impact on their company's budgets
    0 0 回复 2017-08-26 13:36:10
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