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In Forces of Production, David Noble examines the transformation of the machine-tool industry as the industry moved from reliance on skilled artisans to automation. Noble writes from a Marxist perspective, and his central argument is that management, in its decisions to automate, conspired against labor: the power that the skilled machinists wielded in the industry was intolerable to management. Noble fails to substantiate this claim, although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of "de-skilling"-- the use of technology to replace skilled labor --to the automation of the machine-tool industry. In automating, the industry moved to computer-based, digitalized "numerical control" (N/C) technology, rather than to artisan generated "record-playback" (R/P) technology.

Although both systems reduced reliance on skilled labor, Noble clearly prefers R/P, with its inherent acknowledgment of workers` skills: unlike N/C, its programs were produced not by engineers at their computers, but by skilled machinists, who recorded their own movements to "teach" machines to duplicate those movements. However, Noble's only evidence of conspiracy is that, although the two approaches were roughly equal in technical merit, management chose N/C. From this he concludes that automation is undertaken not because efficiency demands it or scientific advances allow it. but because it is a tool in the ceaseless war of capitalists against labor.

According to information in the passage, the term "de-skilling" refers to the

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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 七剑飘一飘 更新于2015-10-09 14:25:43 感谢由 七剑飘一飘 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
逻辑简图:
第一段:DN的观点:管理与劳动力有冲突--指出DN的问题
第二段:DN支持R/P--指出DN只有唯一的证据,且说明他对managers会选择N/C的解释

1.According to information in the passage, the term refers to the
A. loss of skills that are lost to industry when skilled workers are replaced by unskilled laborers(未提及)
B. substitution of mechanized processes for labor formerly performed by skilled workers
C. labor theory that automation is technologically comparable to skilled labor(未提及)
D. process by which skilled machinists “teach" machines to perform certain tasks(是R/P,不符)
E. exclusion of skilled workers from participation in the development of automated
Technology(未提及)
细节题:题干里的term指的是“de-skilling”定位到第一段第二层,同义改写。

题目讨论 (7条评论)

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  • 用户头像
    虫0515

    substitution of A for B, 用A代替B, B是被替代的。B的substitution of mechanized processes for labor formerly performed by skilled workers对应原文的the use of technology to replace skilled labor
    0 0 回复 2021-12-21 23:56:42
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    嘉仓佑措

    the use of technology to replace skilled labor 应该就是这句话的直接翻译,选E的估计是看到后面去了
    0 0 回复 2019-11-04 23:20:30
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    小琳不能懒

    E为什么错呀?
    0 0 回复 2019-09-06 22:56:05
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      917410回复小琳不能懒

      同问

      0 0 回复 2019-09-18 13:40:31

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      171630zm回复小琳不能懒

      原文“ the use of technology to replace skilled labor --to the automation of the machine-tool industry”,大概意思是使用技术来代替熟练的劳动力。B选项的意思是用机械化过程代替过去由熟练工人进行的劳动,属于原文改写。E选项中的exclusion of skilled workers有迷惑性,但这个选项完整的意思是禁止技术工人参与自动化技术的发展,文章中并没有提及“de-skilling”是禁止工人参与发展。

      1 0 回复 2019-10-20 11:47:47

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      leon小恶魔回复小琳不能懒

      体会一下exclusion的意思

      0 0 回复 2022-05-28 11:57:09

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    730以上

    选项B,定位原文:the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”—the use of technology to replace skilled labor—to the automation of the machine-tool industry. 
    雷哥网的打字员真的很差劲,而且也没有文字校对!
    1 0 回复 2018-05-26 12:07:28
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    Katrina

    题干里的term指的是“de-skilling”
    0 0 回复 2017-11-09 11:39:37
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    烦烦的小虎牙

    用机械化的操作过程替代人工劳动力
    0 0 回复 2017-05-11 12:01:22
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    claire666

    没有解释B选项啊?
    0 0 回复 2016-08-11 15:44:31
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