In Forces of Production, David Noble examines the transformation of the machine-tool industry as the industry moved from reliance on skilled artisans to automation. Noble writes from a Marxist perspective, and his central argument is that management, in its decisions to automate, conspired against labor: the power that the skilled machinists wielded in theindustry was intolerable to management. Noble fails to substantiate this claim, although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”—the use oftechnology to replace skilled the automation of the machine-tool industry. In automating, the industry moved to computer-based, digitalized “numerical control" (N/C) technology, ratherthan to artisan generated “record-playback" (R/P) technology.
Although both systems reduced reliance on skilled labor, Noble clearly prefers R/P, with its inherent acknowledgment of workers’ skills: unlike N/C, its programs were produced not byengineers at their computers, but by skilled machinists, who recorded their own movements to “teach" machines to duplicate those movements. However, Noble's only evidence ofconspiracy is that, although the two approaches were roughly equal in technical merit, management chose N/C. From this he concludes that automation is undertaken not becauseefficiency demands it or scientific advances allow it. but because it is a tool in the ceaseless war of capitalists against labor.
Which of the following best characterizes Forces of Production as it is described in the passage?
A. A comparison of two interpretations of how a particular industry evolved（未提及）
B. An examination of the origin of a particular concept in industrial economics（未提及）
C. A study that points out the weakness of a particular interpretation of an industrial phenomenon（未提及）
D. A history of a particular industry from an ideological point of view
E. An attempt to relate an industrial phenomenon in one industry to a similar phenomenon in another industry（未提及）
An examination of the origin of a particular concept in industrial economics对工业经济学中某个特定概念起源的考察 A history of a particular industry from an ideological point of view从意识形态的角度看某一特定行业的历史
Marxist perspective：The Bourgeois use their control of institutions to keep the masses ignorant of their exploitation – this is known as ideological control.
D.从意识形态角度看一个行业的历史。 就是看这个行业进化背后的conspiracy.背后的意识形态就是 a war of capitalist against labor.
ideological point of view 意识形态，中文是什意思呀……
The passage does not directly address the issue of whether Noble compares two interpretations. It suggests that the only interpretation offered in Forces of Production of how the machine-tool industry evolved is Noble's own
Marxist perspective-->ideological point of view
本题问的是描述FP这本书 于是定位于书出现场的位置 即第一段前两句 In Forces of Production, David Noble examines the transformation of the machine-tool industry as the industry moved from reliance on skilled artisans to automation. Noble writes from a Marxist perspective, and his central argument is that management, in its decisions to automate, conspired against labor: the power that the skilled machinists wielded in theindustry was intolerable to management 核心为 transformation from A to B , from Marxist perspctive 建立于此而推断 ABCE均是未提及 D最符合其意
0 0 回复 2017-11-04 00:28:05
history -> 原文第一句the transformation of …… moved from …… to …… 不就是一段变迁“史”么，其实个人感觉重点还在后面的ideology 通读原文 作者有两次提到（明示暗示）DN fails to substantiate his own claim 那对应的不就是ideology么 而且题干强调了：as it is described in the passage 这篇文章是作者写的 里面当然包含了作者对DN这本书或文章的看法和态度
0 0 回复 2017-11-09 11:37:08
0 0 回复 2018-05-16 21:05:43
ideological point of view指的是Marxist马克思主义理论，文中提到Noble writes from a Marxist perspective
0 0 回复 2019-08-06 00:48:49
A选项说comparison错； B选项说concept，错， C选项说削弱一种解释，错 E做类比，错 D对，文章说到那个人主要就是在就一个现象提出自己的解释，你看他examined那个啥，这个啥应该就是他想要寻求解释的内容。然后他运用了一个理论来解释。
0 0 回复 2017-01-07 17:25:21
正确答案：D 解析：细节题。哪个选项概括了Nobel《生产力》这本书?A．“comparison”原文无。B．检验一概念起源，原文没有相应的文字支持。C．指出对于一工业现象的特定解释的弱点。这是作者本文的概括，而非Ｎobel的意图。Ｄ．正确。从意识形态角度出发的一特定工业的历史。意识形态指“马克思主义观点”特定工业：机器工业中的自动化。 摘自网上