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阅读RC-9846 (第4/7题) Time Cost00:00
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In Forces of Production, David Noble examines the transformation of the machine-tool industry as the industry moved from reliance on skilled artisans to automation. Noble writes from a Marxist perspective, and his central argument is that management, in its decisions to automate, conspired against labor: the power that the skilled machinists wielded in theindustry was intolerable to management. Noble fails to substantiate this claim, although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”—the use oftechnology to replace skilled the automation of the machine-tool industry. In automating, the industry moved to computer-based, digitalized “numerical control" (N/C) technology, ratherthan to artisan generated “record-playback" (R/P) technology.

Although both systems reduced reliance on skilled labor, Noble clearly prefers R/P, with its inherent acknowledgment of workers’ skills: unlike N/C, its programs were produced not byengineers at their computers, but by skilled machinists, who recorded their own movements to “teach" machines to duplicate those movements. However, Noble's only evidence ofconspiracy is that, although the two approaches were roughly equal in technical merit, management chose N/C. From this he concludes that automation is undertaken not becauseefficiency demands it or scientific advances allow it. but because it is a tool in the ceaseless war of capitalists against labor.

The author of the passage commends Noble's book for which of the following?

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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 216505pr 更新于2021-11-05 09:35:21 感谢由 216505pr 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

Noble fails to substantiate this claim, although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”—the use oftechnology to replace skilled the automation of the machine-tool industry.定位到这句话中,几乎是原句


题目讨论 (18条评论)

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  • 用户头像
    正在加速小流星

    Noble fails to substantiate this claim, although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”.....这里的impressive表达作者的态度,和题目的作者的commend态度对应,所以选
    0 0 回复 2022-01-28 18:19:25
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    497374pik

    Noble fails to substantiate this claim, although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”—the use oftechnology to replace skilled the automation of the machine-tool industry.
    文中原句
    0 0 回复 2021-04-07 22:47:04
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    429446sfrve

    commend 称赞, Noble fails to substantiate this claim, although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”—the use of technology to replace skilled the automation of the machine-tool industry.
    0 0 回复 2021-03-26 16:36:25
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    1308071sc

    commend 称赞 所以E
    1 0 回复 2020-08-02 20:46:23
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    Zhazha

    although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”
    0 0 回复 2019-10-28 16:13:56
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    吴亦凡233

    commend原来是称赞的意思啊。。。。哭了
    3 0 回复 2019-08-18 12:08:26
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    小毛驴同学

    文中问文章 作者褒奖这本书,B虽然是书的作者的重要内容,但是文章的作者并非觉得很好,说了没有substantiate
    1 0 回复 2018-09-20 09:34:51
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    yjysfjl

    我选择了B,原因是对应文中最后一句“From this he concludes that automation is undertaken not becauseefficiency demands it or scientific advances allow it. but because it is a tool in the ceaseless war of capitalists against labor.” 但是B如果错误,是因为David Noble 提出了这些观点,但没有证据表明该阅读的作者支持他的这些观点吗?
    0 0 回复 2018-08-31 15:59:43
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    730以上

    这题重点是在commend这个词!因为大家多数会看成comment,所以commend的是推荐/褒奖的意思;而comment是评价;如果能正确区别这两个词就不会选错!
    2 0 回复 2018-05-26 12:00:46
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    爱在普罗旺斯

    作者对Noble是持反对态度的,因为unsubstantiated,唯一的褒义词是impressive,所以如果recommand的话,就是从impressive后面找原因。注意体会作者态度!!!
    0 0 回复 2017-12-18 21:25:30
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    Manning_0715

    错在recommend啊,B确实是说的这本书,但是因为是书的缺点,所以不能选
    0 0 回复 2017-10-03 11:15:29
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    benben8362

    A.	The passage does not address unskilled workers.
    
    B.	The passage explicitly criticizes Noble's generalization about the motives behind managements’ decision to automate, calling it unsubstantiated.
    
    C.	The author neither commends nor criticizes this element of Noble's book; it is presented as simply a factual distinction.
    
    D.	It is the author of the passage, rather than Noble, who implicitly questions the idea that management conspired against labor. The author suggests that the evidence Noble offers of this conspiracy is insufficient.
    
    E.	Correct. The author praises Noble for using the Marxist concept of de-skilling to describe how technology replaced skilled labor in the machine-tool industry.
    0 0 回复 2017-05-27 22:02:27
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    stephanie

    定位在第一段的 his argument is impressive when he applies....
    0 0 回复 2017-05-14 16:26:35
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    哈哈

     由commend这一褒义词定位原文although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”—the use oftechnology to replace skilled the automation of the machine-tool industry.通读下来,也就这一句话对他这个argument持有肯定态度。 再定位这一段的关键词de-skilling所以选E

    0 0 回复 2017-05-08 17:27:28
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    xiaoyi

    commend 英 [kəˈmend] 
     
      美 [kəˈmɛnd] 
     
      
    .
    vt. 推荐; 表扬; 托付; 受到赞同;
    0 0 回复 2017-04-04 16:30:20
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